Welcome to the
Warsaw Biblical Gardens
in Warsaw, IN, USA

We are officially open from
April 15th to October 10th each year.

We are open every day of the week from about dawn to dusk.

Best Times to Visit

  • April 15 to May 10, for bulb displays
  • May 15 to July 4th (approx) for highest color. If we have a kinder summer, it may be a bit longer before we start to "burn".
  • September to EARLY October for Fall Meadow displays and grasses.

We offer guided tours from May 15th through September 15th.
Click here for more information.

 

How Can I Help Support the Warsaw Biblical Gardens?

 

What do I need to know to volunteer?

Art and Earth Trail

Plant Data

The identification of plants of the Bible is a difficult task and one on which authorities occasionally disagree. In creating the gardens, our primary references have been Plants of the Bible by Harold N. and Alma L. Moldenke; and Planting a Bible Garden by F. Nigel Hepper. In certain instances where plants of the exact genus were either not available or would not survive, we have used available species or cultivars of the same genus.

Plants and Scripture follow this basic format:


Plants 1 to 115 of 115

Sweet Flag

 

Acorus calamus --- cane, calamus
Take the finest spices: of liquid myrrh five hundred shekels, and of
sweet-smelling cinnamon half as much, that is, two hundred and
fifty, and of aromatic cane two hundred and fifty --- Ex 30:23 (RSV)
1 Ki 10:10; Song 4:14; Ezk 27:19; Isa 43:24; Jer 6:20;
Year-Round       Perennials             Zone 3
Pheasant's Eye

 

Adonis annua --- lilies of the field

And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin: ---Mt 6:28

Summer       Hardy Annual             Zone 3
Corn Cockle
Agrostemma githago --- cockle

Let thistles grow insted of wheat, and cockle insted of barley. --- Job 31:40

Summer       Annual       
Onions

 

Alium cepa --- onioins

We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick. --- Num 11:5

 

2 Sam. 17:28; Dan. 1:12

              
Leek
Allium prrum --- leeks

We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick. --- Num 11:5

              
Garlic

 

Allium sativum --- garlic

We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick. --- Num 11:5

              
Aloe
Aloe vera --- aloe

And there came also Nicodemus, which at the firstcame to Jesus by night, and rought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight. --- John 19:39

 

I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes , and cinnamon. --- Prov 7:17

 

Num 24:6; Prov 7:17; Song 4:14; John 19:39-40

              
Hollyhock

 

Althaea rosea --- mallow, white of an egg

They pick mallow and the leaves of bushes, and to warm themselves the roots of the broom.--- Job 30:4 (RSV)

 

 Job 6:6 (RSV), Job 24:24;

Spring, Summer                    Zone 3
Acanthus

 

Ancanthus hunguricus --- nettles

Among the bushes they brayed; under the nettles they were gathered together. --- Job 30:7


Pro 24:31; Isa 34:13; Hos 9:6; Zeph 2:9;

Summer       Perennials             Zone 5
Windflower

 

Anemone coronaria --- lilies of the field, lily, Shushan

"And why are you worried about clothing? Observe how the lilies of the field grow; they do not toil nor do they spin, --- Mt 6:28 - (NASB)

 

Luk 12:28; Neh 1:1; Esth 1:2; and more

Sping, Fall                    Zone 5
Dill

 

Anethum graveolens --- dill

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin , and have omitted the weightier matters of the law judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. --- Mt 23:23

              
Chamomile

 

Anthemis nobilis --- lilies of the fields, grass in the field

If then God so clothe the grass, which is to day in the field, and to morrow is cast into the oven; how much more will he clothe you, O ye of little faith? --- Lk 12:28

 

Mt 6:28;

Sping, Summer, Fall       Perennials             Zone 5
Horseradish
Armoracia --- bitter herbs
Ex 12:22
              
Wormwood

 

Artemesia absinthium --- wormwood, bushes

The name of the star is called Wormwood ; and a third of the waters became wormwood , and many men died from the waters, because they were made bitter. --- Rev 8:11

 Deut 29:18; Job 30:4; Prov 5:4; Jer 9:15, 23:15; Lam 3:15, 3:19, Hos 10:4; Amos 5:7, 6:12;

Summer to Autumn       Perennials             Zone 4
Giant Reed, Persian Reed

 

Arundo donax --- reed, rush

And behold a wall on the outside of the house round about, and in the man's hand a measuring reed of six cubits long by the cubit and an hand breadth: so he measured the breadth of the building, one reed; and the height, one reed. Eze 40:5

 

 2 Ki 18:21; Job 8:11, 40:21; Isa 19:6, 35:7, 42:3; Jer 51:32; Ezk 29:6-7, 40:3; Mt 11:7;

Year-Round       Perennials             Zone 3
Common Oats

 

Avena sativa --- corn
Ex 9:32; Isa 28:25; Ezk 4:9
              
Mustard
Brissica nigra --- mustard

It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, is less than all the seeds that be in the earth: --- Mk 4:31

 

And Jesus said unto them, Because of your unbelief: for verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you. --- Mt 17:20

              
Common Box
Buxus sempevirens --- "box tree"

I will put the cedar in the wilderness, The acacia and the

myrtle and the olive tree ; I will place the juniper in the

desert Together with the box tree and the cypress, --- Isa

41:19 (NASB)

 

Isa 60:13; Ezk 27:6; 2 Esd 14:24;

 

Year-Round       Shrub             Zone 3
Calendula, Pot Marigold

 

Calendula offincinalis --- flower(s) of the field(grass), lilies of the field

"And why are you worried about clothing? Observe how the lilies of the field grow; they do not toil nor do they spin, --- Mt 6:28 (NASB)

 

Isa 40:6; 1 Pe 1:24; Jas 1:9-10;

Summer, Fall       Hardy Annual or Perennial             Zone 6
Caperbush
Capparis spinosa --- desire

Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish, and the grasshopper shall be a burden, and desire shall fail: because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets: --- Eccl 12:5

Year-Round, in Greenhouse                    Zone 8
Cedar of Lebanon
Cedrus libani --- cedar

Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants according to all that thou shalt appoint: for thou knowest that there is not among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians. -- 1 Ki 5:6

 

Num 24:6; Jud 9:15; 2 Sam 5:11, 7:2; 1 Ki 4:23; 5; 6:9, 7:2;9:11; 2 Ki 10:27; 14:9; 19:23; and more

Year-Round, in Greenhouse                    Zone 6
Red Valerian

 

Centranthus ruber --- spikenard

While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof. ---Song 1:12 Song 4:13-14; Mk 14:3; John 12:3;

Summer, Fall                    Zone 5,6
Redbud

 

Cercis canadiensis --- Judas Tree

And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself. --- Mt 27:5

Spring                    Zone 5
Crown Daisy
Chrysanthemum coronarium --- flower(s) of the field, flower of the grass

A voice said, "Shout!" I asked, "What should I shout?"Shout that people are like the grass that dies away. Their beauty fades as quickly as the beauty of flowers in a field ---Isa 40:6 (NLT)

 

Isa 40:6; 1 Pet 1:24; Jas 1:9-10

Late Summer, Fall       Annual             Zone 5
Corn Marigold

 

Chrysanthemum segetum --- flower(s) of the field, flower of the grass

A voice said, "Shout!" I asked, "What should I shout?"Shout that people are like the grass that dies away. Their beauty fades as quickly as the beauty of flowers in a field ---Isa 40:6 (NLT)

 

Isa 40:6;1 Pet 1:24; Jas 1:9-10
Late Summer, Fall       Annual             Zone 5
Chickpea
Cicer arietinum --- "peas"
2 Sam 17:28; Dan 1:12,16
              
Endive

 

Cichorium endivia --- bitter herbs
Ex 12:8; Num 9:11
              
Chicory

 

Cichorium intybus ---

And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread;

and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. --- Ex 12:8

              
Rockrose
Cistus incanus ssp. Creticus --- myrrh
Gen 37:25
Summer       Tender Perinnial             Zone 8,10
Watermelon

 

Citrullus lanatus --- melons

We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick ---Num 11:5

              
Coriander

 

Coriandrum sativum --- coriander
Ex 16:31; Ezk 4:9; John 6:9; Num 11:7
              
Autumn Crocus

 

Crocus nudiflorus --- crocus

The wilderness and the dry land shall be glad, the desert shall rejoice and blossom; like the crocus ---Isa 35:1(NRS)

Fall       Perennial, bulb             Zone 4
Saffron

 

Crocus sativus --- saffron

Spikenard and saffron ; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:---Song 4:14

Fall       Perennial, bulb             Zone 4
Musk Melon
Cucumis melo --- melons

We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick ---Num 11:5

              
Cucumbers
Cucumis sativus --- cucumbers

We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick ---Num 11:5

              
Cumin
Cuminum cyminum --- cummin
Isa 28:27; Mt 23:23
              
Cypress Tree
Cupressus --- gopher wood, fir, cypress

Make thee an ark of gopher wood ; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch. --- Gen 6:14

 

I will put in the wilderness the cedar, the acacia, the myrtle, and the olive; I will set in the desert the cypress, the plane and the pine together --- Isa 41:19 (RSV)

 

Isa 60:13; Eccl 24:13, 50:10;

Year-Round              
Cyclamen, Persian Violet
Cyclamen bederifolium --- lily

I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon --- Hos 14:5

 

Hos 14:5; Ecclic 39:14, 50:8

Late Summer to Early Winter                    Zone 6
Common Quince

 

Cydonia oblonga --- apples

Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples : for I am sick of love --- Song 2:5

 

Song 2:3,5; 7:8; Prov 25:11 and more

Spring to Fall                    Zone 5
Lemon Grass

 

Cymbopogan citratus --- spikenard, nard

While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof. --- Song 1:12

Song 4:13-14; Mk 14:3; John 12:3

Year-Round       Perinnial             Zone 9
Umbrella Sedge

 

Cyperus alternifolius --- papyrus

"Can the papyrus grow up without a marsh? Can the reeds flourish without water? --- Job 8:11 (NKJV)

 Ex 2:3, 2:5; Isa 18:2; 19:7; 35:7, 58:5;

Summer                    Zone 10
Papyrus

 

Cyperus papyrus --- papyrus

That sendeth ambassadors by the sea, even in vessels of papyrus upon the waters, [saying], Go, ye swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth, to a people terrible from their beginning onward, a nation that meteth out and treadeth down, whose land the rivers divide --- Isa 18:2 (ASV)

Isa 19:6-7; Job 8:11; Ex 2:3-5;

Summer Fall                    Zone 10
Warminster Broom

 

Cytisus x praecox --- broom tree, Rithmah

But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a broom tree. And he prayed that he might die, and said, "It is enough! Now, Lord, take my life, for I am no better than my fathers!" --- 1Ki 19:4 (NKJV)(‘juniper’ of KJV)

 Num 33:18-19; 1 Kin 19:5; Job 30:4; Psa 120:4;

Spring                    Zone 5
Globe Thistle

 

Echinops ruthenicus --- thorns and thistles

Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, And you shall eat the herb of the field.--- Gen 3:18

Gen 3:17; Isa 34:13; Mt 13:7;

Summer, Fall                    Zone 5
Russina Olive

 

Elaeagnus angustifolia --- oil tree, olive tree
Summer                    Zone 2
Eryngo
Eryngium planum --- bitter herbs
Ex 12:8; Num 9:11
              
Giant Fennel
Ferula communis --- galbanum

And the LORD said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum ; these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight --- Ex 30:34

Summer, Early Fall       Biennial or Perinnial             Zone 4
Fig Tree
Ficus carica --- fig tree

The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away. --- Song 2:13

 

Jud 9:11; 1 Kin 4:25; 2 Kin 18:31; Prov 27:18; 1 Sam 25:18; 1 Chr 12:40; Hos 9:10; Gen 3:7; Amo 8:1-2; and more

Fruit August, Sept                    Zone 6
Meadow Geranium

 

Geranuim maculatum --- flower(s) of the field

As for man, his days are as grass: as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth. --- Psa 103:15

 

 Isa 40:6; 1 Pet 1:24-5; Jas 1:9-10

Spring, Fall                    Zone 4
Cotton

Gossypium --- cotton

There were white cotton curtains and blue hangings caught up with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and marble pillars, and also couches of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl and precious stones. ---Esth 1:6 (RSV)

Spring, Summer, Fall       Annual       
English Ivy
Hedera helix --- ivy

And in the day of the king's birth every month they were brought by bitter constraint to eat of the sacrifices; and when the fast of Bacchus was kept, the Jews were compelled to go in procession to Bacchus, carrying ivy. --- 2 Mac 6:7

Year-Round                    Zone 4
Barley
Horduem distichum --- barley

So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the

country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest --- Ruth 1:22

 

Ex 9:31-32; 16:31; Ezk 4:9; John 6:9; Ruth 2:14; and more

              
Hyacinth

 

Hyacinthus orientalis --- lily

I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys. As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters. --- Song 2:1 -2

 

 1 Kin 7:19, 22; Hos 14:5; Song 2:16, 4:5, 6:2; and more

Spring       Perennial, bulb             Zone 5
Hyssop
Hyssopus officianalis --- hyssop

Then shall the priest command to take for him that is to be cleansed two birds alive and clean, and

cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop: --- Lev 14:4

              
Yellow Flag (Iris)

 

Iris pseudacorus --- lily

I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon --- Hos 14:5

 Exodus 30:23; Song 4:14; Ecclic 39:14; 50:8;

Spring, Summer, Fall       Rhizome             Zone 5
Eastern Black Walnut
Juglans nigra --- nuts

And their father Israel said unto them, If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts , and almonds: --- Gen 43:11

 

Song 6:11
Spring, Summer, Fall                    Zone 3
Eastern Red Cedar

 

Juniperus virginiana --- cedar wood

And he shall cleanse the house with the blood of the bird, and with the running water, and with the living bird, and with the cedar wood, and with the hyssop, and with the scarlet: --- Lev 14:52

 

1 Kin 5:3-6, 9-11; Lev 14:4; and more

Year-Round                    Zone 2
Lettuce
Lactuca sativa --- lettuce
Psa 104:14
              
Bay Tree, Laurel

 

Laurus nobilis --- green bay tree

have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree. --- Psa 37:35

Spring, Summer       Small tree             Zone 8
Henna
Lawsonia --- camphire, henna

My beloved is to me a cluster of henna blooms In the vineyards of En Gedi. --- Song 1:14 (NKJV)

 

 

Song 4:13;

Summer                    Zone 9
Lentil

 

Lens esculenta --- lentils

Gen 25:29-34; 2 Sam 17:27-29; Sam 23:11; 1 Chr 11:13; Ezk 4:9

              
Madonna Lily

 

Lilium candidum --- lily

I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily , and cast forth his roots as Lebanon --- Hos 14:5

 

Song 6:2;

Late June to Early July                    Zone 6 (5)
Perennial Flax

 

Linum perenne --- linen

And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; --- Gen 41:42

 

But she had brought them up to the roof of the house, and hid them with the stalks of flax, which she had laid in order upon the roof. --- Jos 2:6 (Linen, 90 verses in KJV)

 

Flax is the oldest known of textile fibers. towels (John 13:4-5), napkins (John 11:44), undergarments (Isa 3:23; Mk 14:51)

              
Flax

Linum usitatissimum --- linen, flax

And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; --- Gen 41:42

 

 

But she had brought them up to the roof of the house, and hid them with the stalks of flax, which she had laid in order upon the roof. --- Jos 2:6 (Linen, 90 verses in KJV)

 

Flax is the oldest known of textile fibers. towels (John 13:4-5), napkins (John 11:44), undergarments(Isa 3:23; Mk 14:51)

              
Sweet Gum

 

Liquidamber styraciflua --- storax (tree)

Then Israel said to them: If it must needs be so, do what you will: take of the best fruits of the land in your vessels, and carry down presents to the man, a little balm, and honey, and storax, myrrh, turpentine, and almonds. --- Gen 43:11(DRB)

 Ex 30:34; Gen 37:25; Eccl 24:15;

Spring to Fall                    Zone 3
Musk Mallow

 

Malva moschata --- mallow

They are exalted a little while, and then are gone; they wither and fade like the mallow; they are cut off like the heads of grain. --- Job 24:24 (RSV)

 

they pick mallow and the leaves of bushes, and to warm themselves the roots of the broom. --- Job 30:4 (RSV)

June through September       Perennial, biennal             Zone 5
Common Mallow

 

Malva sylvestris --- mallow

They are exalted a little while, and then are gone; they wither and fade like the mallow; they are cut off like the heads of grain. --- Job 24:24 (RSV)

 

 

they pick mallow and the leaves of bushes, and to warm themselves the roots of the broom. --- Job 30:4 (RSV)

June through September       Perennial, biennial             Zone 5
Mandrake

 

Mandragora officinarum --- mandrake

And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them unto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's mandrakes . --- Gen 30:14

 

Gen 30:14-16; Song 7:13;

Winter to Spring       Perennial             Zone 5
Horsemint

 

Mentha longifolia --- mint

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. --- Mt 23:23

              
Peppermint
Mentha piperita --- mint

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. --- Mt 23:23

              
Spearmint

 

Mentha spicata --- mint

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. --- Mt 23:23

              
Flame Grass

 

Miscanthus purpurascens --- grasses

And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so. --- Gen 1:11

 

The word “grass” occurs many times in the Bible. In Genesis 1:11, grass is distinguished from “herbs” while Psalm 72:6 refers to it in the sense of a “mown

Spring to Fall       Perennial             Zone 2
Zebra Grass
Miscanthus sinensis --- grasses

And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so. --- Gen 1:11

  

The word “grass” occurs many times in the Bible. In Genesis 1:11, grass is distinguished from “herbs” while Psalm 72:6 refers to it in the sense of a “mown

Spring to Fall       Perennial             Zone 2
White Mulberry

 

Morus alba --- sycamine, mulberry, silk

And the Lord said, If ye had faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye might say unto this sycamine tree, Be thou plucked up by the root, and be thou planted in the sea; and it should obey you. --- Lu 17:6

2 Sam 5:23-24; 1 Chr 14:14; Ezk 16:10, 16:13, 1 Mac 6:34; Rev 18:12;

Spring to Fall       Deciduos Tree             Zone 3
Myrtle

 

Myrtus communis --- myrtle

And that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth unto the mount, and fetch olive branches, and pine branches, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as it is written. --- Neh 8:15

Lev 23:40-43; Isa 41:19; 55:13; Esth 2:7; Zech 1:8; 1:10-11

Summer, Early Autumn       Evergreen Shrub             Zone 8
Polyanthus Narcissus

 

Narcissus tazetta --- rose

I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys. --- Song 2:1

 

The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose. --- Isa 35:1

Summer       Bulbous Perennial             Zone 8
Oleander

 

Nerium oleander --- rose

I was exalted like a palm tree in En-gaddi, and as a rose plant in Jericho, as a fair olive tree in a pleasant field, and grew up as a plane tree by the water --- Ecclic 24:14

 

Hearken unto me, ye holy children, and bud forth as a rose growing by the brook of the field: --- Ecclic 39:13

Summer       Evergreen Shrub or Tree             Zone 8
Love-In-Mist

 

Nigella damascena --- nutmeg flower, fitches

For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod. --- Isa 28:27

 

Isa 25:27-28; Mt 23:23;

              
Black Cumin

 

Nigella sativa --- nutmeg flower, fitches

When he hath made plain the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and cast in the principal wheat and the appointed barley and the rie in their place? --- Isa 28:25

 

For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod. ---Isa 28:27

 

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin , and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. --- Mt 23:23

              
White Water Lily

 

Nymphaea odorata --- lily

And the chapiters that were upon the top of the pillars were of lily work in the porch, four cubits. --- 1Kin 7:19

 1 Kin 7:22, 26; 2 Chr 3:16, 4:5

Summer                    Zone 4
Swett marjoram
Origanum majorana --- hyssop
Num 19:6, 18
              
Bible Hyssop

 

Origanum syriacum --- hyssop

Then shall the priest command to take for him that is to be cleansed two birds alive and clean, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop: --- Lev 14:4

              
Star-Of-Bethlehem

 

Orthinogalum umbellatum --- dove's dung

And there was a great famine in Samaria: and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass's head was sold for fourscore pieces of silver, and the fourth part of a cab of dove's dung for five pieces of silver. --- 2 Kin 6:25

Spring       Bulbous Perennial             Zone 5
Oriental Poppy
Papaver orientalis --- flowers ot the grass

The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field: --- Isa 40:6

 

For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away: --- 1 Peter 1:24

 Psa 103:15; Lk 12:28

Spring, Summer       Perennial             Zone 5
Corn Poppy
Papaver rhoas --- flowers of the field

The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field: --- Isa 40:6

 

For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away: --- 1 Peter 1:24

 

 Psa 103:15; Lk 12:28;

Spring, Summer       Annual             Zone 4
Parsley
Petroselinium crispum --- bitter herbs
Ex 12:8; Num 9:11
              
Date Palm
Phoenix datylifera --- palm trees

The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree : he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon. --- Psa 92:12

 

Ex 15:27; Neh 8:15; Eze 40:31: John 12:13; Acts 11:19; and more

On display in the Greehouse Year-Round                    Zone 9
Common Reed Grass
Phragmites australis --- reed

For the LORD shall smite Israel, as a reed is shaken in the water, and he shall root up Israel out of this good land, which he gave to their fathers, and shall scatter them beyond the river, because they have made their groves, provoking the LORD to anger. --- 1 Kin 14:15

 

 1 Kin 14:15; 2 Kin 18:21; Psa 120:4; Rev 21:15,

Spring to Fall                    Zone 4
Scots Pine
Pinus sylvestris --- cypress

The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious. --- Isa 60:13

 Isa 60:13; Hos 14:8

Year-Round                    Zone 3
Black Pine
Pinus thunbergii --- pine

The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together, to beautify he place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious. --- Isa 60:13

 

Isa 60:13; Hos 14:8;

Year-Round                    Zone 5
Garden Pea
Pisium sativum --- pulse, legumes

Prove thy servants, I beseech thee, ten days; and let them give us pulse to eat, and water to drink --- Dan 1:12

 

Thus Melzar took away the portion of their meat, and the wine that they should drink; and gave them  pulse. --- Dan 1:16

              
Sycamore
Platanus occidentalis --- plane tree, chestnut tree

The glory of Lebanon shall come to you, the cypress, the plane, and the pine, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious. --- Isa 60:13 (RSV)

 Gen 30:37; Eze 31:8; Ecclic 24:14;

Spring to Fall                    Zone 5
Poplar
Populus alba --- willow, poplar

And Jacob took him rods of green poplar, and of the hazel and chesnut tree; and pilled white strakes in them, and made the white appear which was in the rods --- Ge 30:37

 

Psa 137:1-3 (NIV); Hos 4:13; and more

Spring to Fall                    Zone 5
Almond Tree

 

Prunus dulcis --- nuts, almond tree

And the word of the LORD came to me, saying, "Jeremiah, what do you see?" And I said, "I see a rod of almond ." --- Jer 1:11

 

Gen 30:37, 43:11; Num 17:8; Ex 25:33, 37:19 Eccl 12:5;
Spring to Fall       Deciduos Tree             Zone 5
Apricot

 

Prunus mandshurica --- apples

Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I am sick of love. --- Song 2:5

 

I said, I will go up to the palm tree, I will take hold of the boughs thereof: now also thy breasts shall be as clusters of the vine, and the smell of thy nose like apples; --- Song 7:8

 

Gen 2:9, 17; Song 2:3-5; Joel 1:12; and more

Spring to Fall                    Zone 5
Pomegranate

 

Punica granatum --- pomegranate, Rimmon

A golden bell and a pomegranate , a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round about. --- Ex 28:34

 

Ex 28:33, 39;24-26; Num 13:23; Josh 15:32; Deut 8:8; and more

Spring to Fall       Deciduos shrub or tree             Zone 8
English Oak

 

Quercus robur --- oak

And they gave unto Jacob all the strange gods which were in their hand, and all their earrings which were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under the oak which was by Shechem --- Gen 35:4

2 Sam 18:9-10; 1 Kin 13:14; Ezk 27:6; and more

                    Zone 3
Persian Buttercups
Ranunculus --- flower of the field(grass), lily of the field

And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin: --- Mat 6:28

 

Isa 40:6; 1 Pt 1:24-5; Jas 1:9-1; and more

early Summer                    Zone 7
Castor Bean

 

Ricinus communis --- Jonah's Gourd

And the LORD God prepared a gourd , and made it to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shadow over his head, to deliver him from his grief. So Jonah was exceeding glad of the gourd. --- Jon 4:6

 

But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd that it withered. --- Jon 4:7

Summer, Fall       Annual             Zone 9
Dog Rose, Common Brier

 

Rosa canina --- briars, tares

but if it bears thorns and briars, it is rejected and near to being cursed, whose end is to be burned. --- Heb 6:8 (NKJV)

 

Song 13:14-14; 2 Esd 2:19;

Summer, Fall                    Zone 3
Blackberry
Rubus furticosis --- thorny shrub, thorns

For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes. --- Luke 6:44

              
Sorrel

 

Rumex acetosa --- bitter herbs
Ex 12
              
Common Rue
Ruta graveolens --- rue

But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass over judgment and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone --- Lk 11:42

              
White Willow

 

Salix alba --- willows

And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days. --- Lev 23:40

Eze 17:5; Job 40:22; Psa 137:2; Isa 15:7; 44:3-4; Job 40:22; and more

Spring to Fal                    Zone 3
Golden Weeping Willow

 

Salix babylonica 'Aurea' --- willows

And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days. --- Lev 23:40

 

Eze 17:5; Job 40:22; Psa 137:2; Isa 15:7; 44:3-4; Job 40:22; and more

Spring to Fal                    Zone 5(6)
Judian Sage

 

Salvia judaica --- candle stick

And he made the candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work made he the candlestick ; his shaft, and his branch, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, were of the same: --- Ex 37:17

And six branches going out of the sides thereof; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side thereof, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side thereof: --- Ex 37:18

Spring to Fal                    Zone 5
Horminum Clary Sage

 

Salvia viridis ---

And he made the candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work made he the candlestick ; his shaft, and his branch, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, were of the same: --- Ex 37:17

 

And six branches going out of the sides thereof; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side thereof, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side thereof: --- Ex 37:18

Spring to Fal                    Zone 5
Holy Thistle

 

Silybum marianum --- thorns and thistles

Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, And you shall eat the herb of the field; --- Gen 3:18

Gen 3:17-18; 2 Kin 14:9; 2 Chr 25:18; Hos 10:8; Mt 7:16, 13:7; Heb 6:8;

Summer, Fall                    Zone 5
Odessa Tamarisk

 

Tamarix ramosissima --- tamarisk

Then Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and there called on the name of the Lord, the Everlasting God. --- Gen 21:33

 

Gen 21:15; 1 Sam 22:6, 31:13; 1 Chr 10:12;

Late June                    Zone 2
Fenugreek
Trigonella foenum-graecum --- leeks
Num 11:5
              
Wheat
Triticum aestivum --- corn, wheat

And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them unto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's mandrakes. --- Gen 30:14

 

Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine --- Gen 27:28

              
Tulip

 

Tulipa fosteriana --- rose, rose of Sharan

I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys. --- Song 2:1

Early to late Spring                    Zone 3
Cat-Tails, Reed-Mace
Typha latifolia --- cattails, bulrushes

And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river's brink. --- Ex 2:3

 

Ex 2:3-5;

Summer                    Zone 3
Broad Bean
Vicia faba --- legumes, beans

Brought beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse, --- 2 Sam 17:28

 

2 Sam 17:28; Dan 1:12, 16

              
Common Grape

 

Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' --- vine, grape

And you shall not glean your vineyard, nor shall you gather every grape of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the poor and the stranger: I am the Lord your God. --- Lev 19:10

 

Gen 9:20-21, 24; 40:9-11, Psa104:5; Mt 26:27-29; 1 Cor 11:25; grape &grapes:41 verses, vine & vines: 69 verses

Summer                    Zone 5